cOAlition S: Making Open Access a Reality

(Brussels. 4 September) Today, 11 national research funding organisation, with the support of the European
Commission including the European Research Council (ERC), are announcing the launch of cOAlition S, an
initiative to make full and immediate Open Access to research publications a reality. It is built around Plan
S, which was announced at ESOF in Toulouse in July 2018.
cOAlition S signals the commitment to implement, by 1 January 2020, the necessary measures to fulfil its
main principle: “By 2020 scientific publications that result from research funded by public grants
provided by participating national and European research councils and funding bodies, must be
published in compliant Open Access Journals or on compliant Open Access Platforms.”
The 11 national research funding organisations that form cOAlition S have agreed to implement the 10
principles of Plan S in a coordinated way, together with the European Commission including the ERC. Other
research funders are also invited to join cOAlition S.
The initiative was born from the cooperation between the Heads of the participating Research Funding
Organisations, Marc Schiltz the President of Science Europe, and Robert-Jan Smits the Open Access
Envoy of the European Commission. It also drew on significant input from the Scientific Council of the ERC.
Speaking about the initiative, Marc Schiltz highlighted that “Open Access to research results is foundational
to the scientific enterprise. 15 years have passed since the Berlin Declaration and Open Access is still far
from being a reality. I am glad that a core group of research funders, driven by their collective duty of care
for the good functioning of the science system, have committed to take a decisive step to change the
The funders participating in cOAlition S will work together with researchers, universities, libraries, and
publishers to coordinate swift implementation. “I call upon funders, from Europe and beyond, to join
cOAlition S and upon researchers, universities, research organisations, libraries, and publishers to express
publicly their support to the ambition of the coalition to accelerate the transition to full and immediate Open
Access by 2020” added Robert-Jan Smits.
For further information:
• All information on cOAlition S and Plan S:
• Preamble by Marc Schiltz, President of Science Europe:
• 10 principles of Plan S:
• List of participating funders:
• Statement by Commissioner Carlos Moedas:
• Statement by the European Research Council:


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